Koyama Noboru

How the Use of Illustrated Books (Ehon) Helped Japanese Studies to Develop beyond Japonaiserie : The Case of Henri L. Joly (1876-1920)

Henri L. Joly (1876-1920) was an electrical engineer, with particular expertise in the development of batteries for electric vehicles. He lived in France in the first half his life and lived in London in the latter half. He was also an authority on Japanese art, especially Japanese sword fittings and he compiled catalogues of their major collections. He translated works of Arai Hakuseki and Inaba Tsūryū into English as well as published books and articles on Japanese art. 

One of the important features of Joly’s Japanese studies was his use of early Japanese books (Wakosho). He utilized them for his research extensively. One of the questions which emerges, is how he was able to learn the Japanese language in London. The key can be traced to his first and major book, “Legend in Japanese Art” (1908). As a collector of Tsuba, Netsuke, Inrō and other things, he started to compile a personal database of Japanese legends, historical episodes, etc. which appeared frequently in Japanese works of art. He also encountered illustrated books (Ehon) with William Anderson’s notes in pencil at the British Museum Library. 

There are several aspects of Ehon, such as works of art, teaching manuals of drawings and reference books (Ruisho). Joly used Tachibana Morikuni’s “Ehon Shahō-bukuro”, “Ehon Kojidan”, “Ehon Tsūhōshi”, “Morokoshi Kinmō Zui”, Hasegawa Tōun’s “Ehon Hōkan” and others, as Ruisho (a kind of encyclopaedia). 
As part of his study of Ehon, he mastered the Japanese language, particularly the reading of Japanese books. Illustrations and texts with furigana and Anderson’ English notes helped his learning of Japanese language, particularly at the early stage of learning. 

In this presentation, I will focus on the use of Japanese illustrated books (Ehon) as Ruisho (resources of information) and also for the learning of Japanese language in Henri Joly’s case.

絵本の利用は日本研究がジャポネズリーを越えて発達するのをどのように手助けしたのか: アンリ・L・ジョリー(1876-1920)の場合